When the illness defies all other therapy, it is possible that your cat has a hormone imbalance that is causing it’s existing condition. Sometimes your veterinarian may attempt to treat the problem by prescribing injections or hormones. If it has not previously been done, he may suggest that females or males be spayed or neutered.
In order to accurately diagnose your cat’s illness, you’ll need to provide a detailed history of your cat’s health, including an explanation of potential symptoms and events that may have preceded the disease. In addition to a full physical exam, your veterinarian will do a series of blood tests to investigate everything from your cat’s chemistry profile to its total blood count to its urine and electrolyte levels.
The endocrine system is made up of many tissues that release hormones into the circulation for distribution throughout the body. Hormones are released directly into tiny blood arteries inside and surrounding the endocrine tissue, known as the gland. Other than the glands, the heart, kidney, liver, and fat cells all produce essential hormones. For example, whereas certain hormones affect just a particular tissue, others influence every cell in the body. Laboratory tests that detect hormone levels must be sensitive, since tiny amounts of hormones are present in the blood. Each hormone has a feedback mechanism specially designed to alter the hormone’s concentration.
Hormones perform an important role in balancing temperature and blood sugar (glucose) levels by keeping them within set parameters. The paired opposing hormones maintain the body’s processes in equilibrium by working together. When the endocrine system produces too much or not enough hormone, or when the regular routes for hormone production and removal are disturbed, illnesses like endocrine system disorders may occur.
The reason of a malfunctioning hormone indicator may be a problem in the tissues that produce the hormone, or a problem with another body component that is influencing the production or activity of the hormone. If an endocrine disorder is caused by excessive hormones, it may be treated surgically (for example, removal of a tumor), or with radiotherapy (for example, the use of radioactive iodine to eliminate an enlarged thyroid gland). In some cases, a person may also choose to use medication to treat endocrine disorders caused by excessive hormones.
Many hormone deficiencies may be addressed by administering the missing hormone. This is especially helpful in situations when blood sugar levels are too high, such as in diabetes. For most patients, oral steroid and thyroid hormone replacement is a suitable option. Taking hormone replacement therapy requires that you monitor your pet for side effects and check the dose regularly to make sure it is right.
Hormone replacement will not be required in certain instances, such as following surgical excision of an endocrine tumor. However, long-term therapy is necessary most of the time. Follow your veterinarian’s dosage and follow-up testing instructions, since adverse effects may be seen when your cat receives the incorrect dosage of medicines.