An adult cat has thirty teeth (twenty-six as a kitten), but it is common for any individual cat to have less than the complete complement. Except if the cat has lost a significant number of teeth due to sickness or neglect, this is not an issue. The teeth of a cat, like the teeth of bigger jungle cats, are not designed for eating, but rather for tearing, grabbing, and shredding.
As part of his routine checkup, your veterinarian should examine your cat’s teeth. Pits, discolouration, worn enamel, fractures, a buildup of tartar, or calculus, where the tooth meets the gum, and gum abscesses are some of the most frequent dental issues that cats experience.
Cats are seldom bothered by cavities of the kind that humans experience. Cats seldom get into trouble or fights and break their teeth. When they do, it’s usually due to tartar buildup rather than dental decay. A foul-smelling mouth may indicate a dental issue, or it may indicate a digestive disturbance, in which case the sour smell emanates from the stomach.
Your cat’s oral health may be at risk if the odor continues and the cat seems otherwise healthy.
This is especially true in the case of the elder feline. A simple cleaning of its teeth may be all that is required of it. At six months of age, a cat has all of its permanent teeth in place. There are certain cats that need more time, while others require less.
Normal development of permanent teeth occurs throughout the three- to six-month period, with the deciduous (or kitten) teeth being pushed out at this time. If the kitten teeth interfere with the movement of the permanent teeth, they must be removed. It is extremely unlikely that your cat will develop dental problems until it is much older, if at all, if it consumes a fairly well-balanced diet that includes minerals.
Bad breath is often caused by a significant buildup of tartar on the teeth. A little amount of tartar may be unsightly, but it is completely safe in all other respects. A significant buildup of tartar, on the other hand, may eventually result in additional dental problems such as recession and gum infection if left untreated. It is possible to develop problems if an infection is left untreated.
Your cat’s teeth are typically cleaned by a veterinarian after they have been anesthetized to eliminate tartar. Once a year, or as often as required, these should be carried out. Cleaning your cat’s teeth yourself is possible by soaking a piece of cotton in milk of magnesia and wiping them down several times a month. In the event that all of this seems like too much work for you and your cat, you should delegate the task to a veterinarian.
In the event that your cat is allowed to wander freely and enjoys chewing on hard things, it may gradually wear down its teeth over time. Even the strongest of teeth cannot withstand the force of metal and other similar substances. As a side note, as the enamel is worn away, it is possible for cavities to form in the tiny ratted regions where the surface of the tooth is no longer there. Such problems will be very uncommon for the apartment cat.
When it comes to worn teeth, there isn’t much you can do. However, broken teeth are a different story. It is important that your cat get expert care if it breaks a tooth during a fight, during play, or while attempting to get into anything. A broken tooth may often create problems; it should be removed as soon as possible before it causes infection and severe discomfort to the surrounding area.
When it comes to cat owners, the most frequent risk factor for dental illness is a lack of proper oral hygiene. Regular professional cleanings done by veterinarians are just as essential as daily teeth brushing. In reality, unless cat owners undertake regular tooth cleaning at home, periodontal disease and other problems may develop, regardless of the treatment given by veterinarians or other professionals. Those kittens that have maintained permanent teeth may be more susceptible to periodontal disease later in life.
Cats that chew on hard items or synthetic chew toys may also be more susceptible to tooth damage, which may lead to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease in cats may be exacerbated by some chronic medical disorders, such as diabetes. Consult your veterinarian about the best method to keep your adult or senior cat’s oral health in good shape if he is suffering from a chronic disease.
What can you do to keep your cat’s teeth healthy? Prevention is the most important factor in the treatment of feline dental disease. The gums will remain healthy as long as the surfaces of the teeth are cleaned regularly and plaque is eliminated efficiently on a daily basis.
At-home brushing as well as frequent professional veterinarian dental cleanings are required for prevention of dental disease.
Teeth cleaning should begin as soon as your cat is a kitten in order to get the most effective outcomes. When it comes to tooth cleaning at home, young kittens will quickly adapt.
As cats get older and acquire dental and gum disease, they may experience discomfort while being brushed, making them less inclined to cooperate. If your cat is totally averse to brushing, there are dental wipes that may be used to help reduce plaque when wiped twice daily on the teeth and gums of your feline friend.
Veterinary dental cleanings will be required once a year for your cat, in addition to regular teeth brushing. In order to avoid periodontal disease in cats, they should have their teeth cleaned professionally starting at one year of age.