Despite the fact that constipation occurs more often in older cats, it may occur in cats of any age.Constipation occurs when solid waste products accumulate in the cat’s gut and, for whatever cause, are unable to be readily excreted by the cat.
If you have a long-haired cat, the development of a “hair ball” in the cat’s gut may be a direct cause of constipation in the feline. Hair balls are not really balls, but rather clumps of coat hair that are strung together and may stretch from the mouth all the way down to the gut.
It is caused by a cat brushing itself and ingesting the loose hairs that come from this.
One method of preventing this problem is to groom your cat on a regular basis and to supplement his food with a tablespoon of lubricant such as mineral oil or petroleum jelly as required.
Constipation, on the other hand, may occur as a consequence of a variety of different causes.
Constipation is more common in elderly cats than in younger cats, due to the slowing down of intestinal motions (loss of muscular tone) and the increased absorption of fluid from the stools.
Constipation may occur in cats of all ages and both sexes when their nutrition is inadequate, just as it does in humans. With insufficient physical activity and an excess of dry or hard meals, the conditions for constipation are created. The presence of a tumor or other foreign item in the cat’s stomach may also be a severe cause of constipation. A tumor or some foreign object in the cat’s stomach could be another serious cause of constipation.
In addition to being inquisitive experimenters, cats may get entangled in a variety of odd items, which can become lodged in their throats or lodged in their stomachs and intestines.
Even the tongue may get entangled in a piece of string.
Occasionally occurring constipation may need just a moderate laxative, such as a teaspoonful of milk of magnesia for an average-sized cat (approximately 10 pounds), or even oil from a sardine can (if it is not olive oil), which your cat will almost certainly prefer to mineral oil if it happens rarely.
Other human laxatives or tonics should not be given since some of them include chemicals (aspirin derivatives, for example, or strychnine) that may be hazardous even in tiny quantities to the patient.
It is likely that your cat’s waste product has become so impacted and solid that a moderate laxative will not be effective after a couple of days. Following that, you should speak with your veterinarian. It is not advisable to experiment with laxatives. If constipation is caused by a lack of bulk in the diet, which is the most probable cause, you may simply remedy the situation by adding roughage green vegetables, bran, and other grains in your diet.
If it is caused by old age or a lack of activity, you should supplement your cat’s food with a lubricant such as mineral oil or white petroleum jelly. The item that your cat eats, whether it’s a tiny ball or another toy, may partly obstruct the passageway from the stomach to the small intestine.
If you suspect the presence of a foreign material, use a laxative or try home remedies (such as an enema) as soon as possible, and contact your veterinarian after.
Constipation may occur as a direct consequence of an illness in certain cases. Depending on the specific illness from which your cat is recuperating, the care of your cat must be supervised by a veterinarian. For example, after a surgery, a cat may get constipated from just laying about and from a change in its normal eating schedule. If you find yourself in this situation, or a similar one when you are recovering from an illness or surgery, do not try to cure the constipation yourself.
When it comes to constipation, the reason may seem to be deceptively easy.
It is possible that the cat’s anus is caked with excrement that has been stuck to the fur, forming a wall that nothing can penetrate. In most cases, a cat will groom itself, but occasionally this condition may develop despite the cat’s best efforts, particularly if the cat’s owner does not encourage regular grooming.
A simple cleaning with soap and warm water will take care of the problem. Even in the case of the very lazy or listless cat, a short stroll on a leash may be sufficient to relieve constipation in certain cases. At other instances, even if the cat’s food may be nutritionally sufficient, constipation may still occur, necessitating a change in the diet. It is possible to get positive effects by changing from one canned product to another, or from one kind of meat to another, as easy as this.
If your cat gets diarrhea that lasts longer than a day or two, take him or her to the veterinarian so that he or she can determine the reason. If your pet’s diarrhea is black or bloody, or if it occurs in conjunction with other symptoms such as fever, vomiting, sluggishness, or a loss of appetite, contact your veterinarian immediately.
The kind of therapy your cat will need will be determined by what is causing their diarrhea.
Medications such as metronidazole or prednisolone, which are used to reduce inflammation, will be required for some. The issue may be caused by a food allergy or intolerance, an inflammatory colon disease (IBD), or colitis, and your veterinarian may prescribe a specific diet to help.
Some cats may additionally need deworming medicine or probiotics in addition to their regular treatment. If you want to keep your cat from getting diarrhea, avoid giving him dairy items like milk or yogurt since many cats cannot digest them correctly. Also, if you change the brand or kind of food you feed them, be sure to gradually introduce it over a period of several days by combining it with less and smaller quantities of the old food until they are exclusively eating the new food.
Veterinary enemas and hand extraction of feces may be administered to a cat suffering from constipation in the first stages of the condition. The removal of feces from the colon is often accompanied by the administration of an anesthetic or sedative. Usually, intravenous fluid treatment is needed to address fluid imbalances and dehydration that are contributing to the constipation’s progression.
It may be necessary to use dietary management or medicines to avoid recurrence of constipation if the condition persists or becomes a long-term issue. There are a variety of therapies available to soften feces and encourage regular bowel motions in people with IBS.
High fiber diets, lubricating laxatives, and stool softeners may be effective in preventing recurrence in slightly afflicted cats. The more seriously afflicted individuals may need medicines that promote the contraction of the colon to relieve their symptoms.
The dosage of these medications is changed as necessary to get the desired effect.
Cats should defecate at least once every other day, if not more often.
Resistance to the treatment and medicines may develop over time, requiring an increase in the drug dose or a change in the course of the treatment regimen.
Make no modifications to your cat’s treatment regimen without first speaking with your veterinarian beforehand.